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Digital Mammography is a low-dose x-ray test approved by the FDA for the detection of breast cancer and is increasingly replacing the older screen-film mammography. Digital Mammography may be an annual routine test when it is called Screening Mammography or to evaluate lumps and symptoms of the breast when it is called Diagnostic Mammography. Breast ultrasound or sonography is a complementary test utilized only after the mammogram except in women less than 30 years of age when it may be performed as the sole test. MRI of the breasts is an extremely accurate but expensive method for the evaluation of the breasts for cancer and implant ruptures. The difference between the former screen-film and the new Digital Mammography is roughly the difference between the former film photography and the new Digital Camera photography.

Mammography is usually performed for the following:
  • Routine annual screening
  • Breast cancer
  • Breast lumps
  • Fibroadenomas
  • Cysts
  • Fibrocystic changes
  • Breast pain
  • Implants
  • Dilated milk ducts
  • Nipple discharge
  • Family history of breast problems

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